Communism through the eyes of george orwell Communism Through The Eyes of George Orwell Throughout history, writers have written about many different subjects based on their personal experiences. George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair.
Animal farm communism through the eyes of george orwell Animal Farm: Communism Through The Eyes of George Orwell Throughout history, writers have written about many different subjects based on their personal experiences. George Orwell was the pen name of Eric Blair.
He is one of the most famous political satirists of the twentieth century. He attended Eton from toand served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from to before moving to Europe.
Two of his most famous books, Animal Farm, written inand Nineteen Eighty-Four, written inwere written about the political and social environment surrounding his life. George Orwell was a Socialist2 himself, and he despised Russian Communism3, and what it stood for.
Orwell shows this hatred towards Communist Russia in a letter he wrote to Victor Gollancz saying, "For quite fifteen years I have regarded that regime with plain horror. However, he had thought a great deal about Communism and what he disliked about if for a long time before he announced it to the public.
Orwell "did not expect anything good from the Communist"5 and therefore Communism personally did not affect him, but "He was concerned with it Communism only because it was a problem for others.
One animal he uses is a pig named Napoleon, whose counterpart in the Russian Revolution is Joseph Stalin. After Napoleon takes charge of the farm, he assumes the role of a dictator that benefits himself much like Stalin did.
If someone did oppose him, he would punish him or her harshly. In Animal Farm, Napoleon also uses violent force to enforce his laws. Napoleon showed this force when he "called upon them to confess their crimes When they had finished their confession, the dogs promptly tore their throats out, and in a terrible voice Napoleon demanded whether any other animal had anything to confess.
Another comparison that Orwell makes between Napoleon and Stalin is the changing of history to benefit themselves. In Animal Farm, Napoleon often changes history to make himself look better.
Even though Snowball, the other pig that was in charge with Napoleon, was the true hero in the "Battle of the Cowshed,"9 Napoleon makes himself out to be the hero. After he "became dictator of the Soviet Union, he had history books rewritten to say that he had led the revolution with Lenin.
In reality, it was Leon Trotsky who led the revolution with Lenin. This is just one of the many comparisons that Orwell makes between Stalin and Napoleon. Stalin was what Orwell and people who were against Communism feared the most; a ruler who rules only for his own power.
Orwell uses another pig named Snowball to symbolize the part that Lenin played in the Russian Revolution. Lenin was the founder of the Communist Party in Russia and set up the first Communist dictatorship in the world. Lenin and Snowball shared one major goal in common and that was to industrialize the societies that they controlled and lived in.
Right before Lenin died, he "introduced a new economic policy and aimed to improve industrial skills and education". The purpose of the windmill that Snowball was designing was to "do their work for them while they grazed at their ease in the fields or improved their minds with reading and conversation.
Both call for a more productive working environment in which the people of the working class will also gain knowledge. On the first page of Animal Farm it is announced that Old Major "had a strange dream on the previous night and wished to communicate it to the other animals.
He says, "Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever. They both felt that the working class was being exploited and that sooner or later, they would rise against middle ruling class.
However, they could not foresee the problems that Communism would create. Orwell saw this problem happen and "From about he was convinced that Russia had taken the wrong path and had become a tyranny. In this famous political satire Orwell presents to the reader a character named Winston Smith.
This character that Orwell created "is meant to be very much like us20". Orwell uses the name Winston Smith to create one to the biggest ironies in the novel. Winston was the first names of one of the greatest and most powerful statesman of this century, Winston Churchill.
On the other hand, Smith is one of the most common last names in the English language. Orwell did this to show that even though Winston is in The Party21 he has no power or authority which makes him an ordinary man, just like the reader.
This is also a reference to Winston Churchill who was very much against Russian Communism. Winston, in Nineteen Eighty-Four, is conspiring against the party which stands for a dictatorship similar to Russian Communism.The dictatorship of the proletariat is a key concept in Marxist political theory, in which the state is seen as an institution for class rule, a “dictatorship” of .
Compared to Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany George Orwell provides a realistic insight into the fututre concerning the totalitarian regimes before was written to show manipulation used by totalitarian regimes, creating a pure party.
Orwell's party, Ingsoc, Nazi Germany, and. I would say the main difference is where you end your essay: I would argue Stalin achieved a dictatorship before he achieved totalitarian rule.
The two are slightly different; he is in sole control as opposed to he has absolute control over everything. This site is dedicated to the life and work of the British author George Orwell who achieved prominence in the late 's as the author of two brilliant satires attacking totalitarianism.
Free papers, essays, and research papers. , by George Orwell and the USA Patriot Act - The novel, , written by George Orwell, gives readers an insight to a possible frightening future where one government has complete and definite control of the people.
Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the until his death in He has done a lot of good things for his country but during his reign, he also has a lot of mistakes and these mistakes we also can see in the .